A giant asteroid four times the size of the Empire State Building will make a close approach The earth on May 27, according to NASA’s Center for Near-Earth Object Studies (CNEOS).
Do not be afraid: small planetnamed 7335 (1989 JA), will be about 2.5 million miles (4 million km) from our planet – or nearly 10 times the average distance between Earth and moon. However, given the enormous size of the space rock (1.1 miles, or 1.8 km in diameter) and relative proximity to Earth, NASA has classified the asteroid as “potentially hazardous.” , which means it could cause enormous damage to our planet if its orbit is ever-changing and the rock impacts Earth.
Related: What are the largest impact craters on Earth?
According to NASA, 7335 (1989 JA) is the largest asteroid that will come close to Earth this year. Scientists estimate the asteroid is traveling at about 47,200 mph (76,000 km/h), which is 20 times faster than a speeding bullet. The rock won’t fly any closer until June 23, 2055, when it will fly even farther than this rock, or within about 70 times the distance between Earth and the Moon.
The asteroid is one of more than 29,000 near-Earth objects (NEOs) that NASA tracks each year. NEO refers to any astronomical object that passes within about 30 million miles (48 million km) of Earth’s orbit, according to NASA. The majority of these objects are extremely small; The agency says 7335 (1989 JA) is about 99% larger than the NEO that NASA tracks.
7335 (1989 JA) also fits into a class of asteroids known as the Apollo class – referring to asteroids that orbit the sun while periodically crossing Earth’s orbit, Live Science previously reported. Astronomers know about 15,000 such asteroids.
NASA keeps a close eye on NEOs like these and recently launched a mission to test whether potentially dangerous asteroids could one day be deflected from their collision course with Earth. or not. In November 2021, NASA launched a spacecraft called the Dual Asteroid Redirection Test (DART), which will collide head-on with the 525-foot (160-meter) wide asteroid Dimorphos in the fall of 2022. The collision won’t destroy the asteroid, but it could slightly alter the rock’s orbital path, Live Science previously reported.
Originally published on Live Science.
https://www.livescience.com/asteroid-encounter-7335-1989-JA Enormous asteroid 7335 (1989 JA) to fly by Earth on May 27