Federal law limits Sudafed, not guns or ammo

Federal law limits how much Sudafed cold medicine a person can purchase. There is no similar law for guns or ammunition.

Several recent mass shootings, including the Robb Elementary School shooting in Uvalde, Texas, which killed 19 children and two teachers, and a racist attack at a Buffalo supermarket that killed 10 people, have left the national debate about stricter gun regulations reignited.

A viral tweet claimed 190,000 likes A person could buy thousands of rounds of ammunition without a background check, but that same person’s name would be entered into a national database if they bought a box of Sudafed, a brand name for a cold medicine containing pseudoephedrine.

That wasn’t the only post that made such a comparison. Several other posts with thousands from likes similarly compared the allowable amounts of Sudafed to the lack of limits when purchasing a gun.

THE QUESTION

Are there more federal restrictions on the amount of Sudafed you can buy than the amount of guns or ammo you can buy?

THE SOURCES

THE ANSWER

This is true.

Yes, there are monthly and daily federal limits on the amount of cold medicines containing pseudoephedrine, including Sudafed, that a person can buy, while there are no federal limits on the number of guns or ammunition a person can buy.

WHAT WE FOUND

Federal law limits the amount of certain products containing pseudoephedrine that consumers can purchase in a one-day and 30-day period.

There is no federal limit on the number of guns consumers can purchase, although licensed gun dealers are required to report to the Federal Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives and local law enforcement if the same person purchases multiple handguns at the same time or within five years of consecutive purchases business days.

There is also no federal limit on the amount of ammunition consumers can purchase. There is also no obligation to report or record ammunition.

Some states limit the number of handguns people can buy in a month. There are also some states where ammunition dealers are required by law to keep records of their sales.

pseudoephedrine (Sudafed and other decongestants)

Pseudoephedrine is an active ingredient in many drugs that relieve nasal congestion caused by colds, allergies and hay fever, says MedlinePlus, an online health information resource operated by the National Library of Medicine. Products containing pseudoephedrine include all Sudafed products not labeled as PE, along with other drugs such as Claritin-D, Aleve-D Sinus and Cold, and Mucinex D.

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) says pseudoephedrine is also an ingredient in the manufacture of methamphetamine, and drugs containing the ingredient are commonly used in illicit meth manufacture.

In 2006, the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) began enforcing the Combat Methamphetamine Epidemic Act of 2005, which regulated the over-the-counter sale of drugs containing pseudoephedrine. The law includes provisions that oversee how drugs containing pseudoephedrine are sold, stocked, and recorded.

According to the law, customers can’t buy more than 3.6 grams of products containing pseudoephedrine per day and no more than 9 grams in any 30-day period. A person could buy one box of Sudafed Sinus 12 Hour Pressure + Pain to hit the daily limit, or buy two boxes of 48 and one box of Sudafed Sinus Congestion of 24 to buy exactly 3.6 grams of Sudafed.

Drugs containing pseudoephedrine must also be stored in an area inaccessible to customers. That’s why they’re often sold behind the pharmacy counter or found in locked cupboards.

Although federal law requires pharmacists to keep a log of purchases of drugs containing pseudoephedrine, the same law does not require there to be a national database linking each pharmacy’s logs. Despite this, states, pharmacies and a data company called Appriss Insights have teamed up to create a national database used by most states and pharmacies.

Appriss Insights developed the National Precursor Log Exchange (NPLEx) in 2006 to help states comply with the Combat Methamphetamine Epidemic Act. According to Appriss, NPLEx has been used by 38 states to comply with the law, plus two other states that use it voluntarily. Appriss estimates that it tracks 80% of pseudoephedrine transactions in the US

There are no federal laws that limit how many firearms a person can purchase.

The National Rifle Association (NRA), which publishes a summary of current federal gun regulations, does not list a federal limit on the number of firearms a person can purchase. The Giffords Law Center, a nonprofit that advocates for stricter gun laws, says there is no federal limit on the number of guns a person can purchase at one time.

There is a federal requirement that licensed firearm dealers must notify the Federal Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF) and local law enforcement agencies within five days of the sale of multiple handguns to one person.

However, the ATF notes that there are no federal record-keeping requirements for the transfer of a firearm between two people who are not federal gun license holders. The US Concealed Carry Association states that someone who is unlicensed can sell a firearm to another unlicensed person in their state of residence. An unlicensed person is not required to report the sale of multiple handguns to the same person to the ATF or law enforcement.

According to the ATF, when a person buys a firearm from an approved dealer — say, a gun store — they must first provide photo identification and undergo an immediate background check. This background check is usually instant, but the federal government can sometimes take up to three days to complete the background check.

The background check is carried out to ensure that the person trying to purchase the gun is not prevented from doing so. Some groups of people, such as Federal law prohibits persons, such as felons or those dishonorably discharged from the military, from purchasing firearms. In addition, the federal government says a person must be at least 18 years old to purchase a shotgun or rifle and at least 21 years old to purchase any other type of weapon, such as a rifle. B. a handgun to buy.

In 2021, the National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS) immediately determined whether a potential buyer could legally purchase a gun in nearly 90% of background check requests. Once NICS has made a decision, the buyer is free to complete their purchase with no limit to the number of guns they can purchase, as long as state and local laws permit.

Ammunition dealers are not required to keep records of ammunition sales, and individuals are not limited to caps on the amount of ammunition they can purchase over a period of time.

Currently, federal law only requires that a gun store or other licensed gun dealer must certify that a person is not prohibited from purchasing one before selling ammunition to the person. The buyer is then free to purchase as much ammunition as he wishes and there is no obligation for the dealer to report any ammunition purchase, including large quantities of ammunition, to any government agency.

According to the Giffords Law Center and the Center for American Progress, both of which support broader federal ammunition regulation, retailers who sell ammunition but not guns are not required to have federal licenses, and people buying ammunition are not required to provide photo identification or a passport background check. Ammunition dealers are not required to keep records of ammunition sales, and individuals are not limited to caps on the amount of ammunition they can purchase over a period of time.

In its list of federal ammunition laws, the US Concealed Carry Association lists no law limiting the amount of ammunition a person can purchase. It also does not list laws that would require a background check before a person can purchase ammunition, or laws that would require an ammunition dealer to keep records of his sales.

Federal law prohibits the same groups of people from purchasing ammunition as it prohibits from purchasing firearms. It also prohibits the manufacture and sale of ammunition designed primarily to penetrate metal or armor. The only other major federal ammunition restriction is a law that prohibits state firearms licensees from selling handgun ammunition “to persons whom the dealer has reasonable cause to believe” are under the age of 21 and to persons without a license to sell handgun ammunition Selling or transferring to anyone you know or have “reasonable reason to believe” is under 18.

While there are no federal laws limiting the amount of guns or bullets people can purchase, several states have their own laws restricting firearm purchases. Some states also track ammunition sales.

According to the Giffords Law Center, California, Maryland, Virginia, and New Jersey have laws that limit at least some types of firearm purchases to one per month. For example, California law limits the purchase of handguns to no more than one in a 30-day period, with some exceptions.

Giffords says California and New York have enacted laws requiring background checks on ammunition buyers at point of sale, similar to background checks performed on firearm buyers. Four states — Connecticut, Illinois, Massachusetts, and New Jersey — require individuals to obtain an appropriate license or permit to purchase or possess certain types of ammunition after passing a background check.

Additionally, California, Washington, DC, New York and New Jersey all have laws requiring ammunition dealers to keep records of every ammunition sale they make.

More from VERIFY: No, an off-duty border guard did not shoot and kill the Uvalde school gunman

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