Taking up 50% of the game engine market, most gamers and game developers have heard of Unity. Used for indie and triple-As titles, this engine has gained global popularity since its launch in 2005.
Unity’s success is due to its shallow learning curve and the abundance of resources that support it. But how should you get started with your first Unity project?
Programming in Unity Game Engine
Programming is an essential feature of any game engine. Unity supports a number of development languages, including three major languages, each with its own set of benefits.
What programming languages work in Unity?
- External .NET DLLs (C++, C, etc.)
- Unity Visual Scripting
Native C# support
C# is Unity’s main supported language, and it’s the language most developers use when working with the engine. C# is a high level programming language that is very easy to learn compared to options like C++.
External .NET DLL support
Dynamic Link Libraries (DLLs) are files that contain precompiled code. Unity supports DLLs written in the .NET language that it cannot compile on its own, including C++ and C.
Also known as managed plugins in Unity, external DLLs make it possible to create game features that don’t work with C#. They also make it much easier for developers to share code without providing the source.
Unity Visual Scripting
Visual scripting has taken the programming world by storm in recent years. The unified visual script is an in-depth example of this type of system, providing developers with immense power.
Unity’s visual scripting system allows game makers to create their own creations without having to write code.
Download and install Unity to create games
Designed with convenience in mind, you can download and install Unity in just minutes. Simply visit the Unity store and follow the steps below to start creating your first game.
What is the unification cost?
Unity’s pricing plan is one of its most popular features. Unless you are working as a team with Unity, you can probably use free software.
- Students: Students can use Unity Teams Advanced for free with proof of their eligible studies.
- Individuals: Individuals with funding or revenue below $100k in the last 12 months can use Unity for free.
- Teams: Larger teams and high turnover companies will need to pay to use Unity.
Download Unity Game Engine
Once you have selected the Unity pricing plan you are using, the website will redirect you to a page where you can download Unity. Unity Game Engine is available for Windows, macOS and Linux. Make sure that the download button matches your operating system before tapping it.
This will download the Unity Hub installer.
Now that you have the Unity Hub installer in place, you can begin the main installation process. You will need to read and accept the terms and conditions, followed by choosing an installation location for Unity.
Next, you need to launch the Unity Hub app and sign in. You can choose to sign in or create a new account at this stage.
Once you’ve signed in, it’s finally time to install the Unity Editor. Choose the correct file location for Unity and click the install button, accepting any admin prompts you see.
It will take some time to install Unity, but this gives you the opportunity to explore Unity’s user interface in the section below.
Create a new unity project
Finally, it’s time to create the project that you will use with Unity. Navigate to the Projects section in the Unity Hub and select New Project. You can choose from a variety of templates on the next page, but we’ve paid attention to the Core section to keep our project simple. You can choose the project name and file location before creating the project.
You’ll need to wait for Unity to load your new project before the Unity Editor opens for you to get started.
Explore Unity’s game development user interface
Launch the project you created to open the Unity Editor. This will open a window that may seem daunting at first, but we’ve broken down each element of the user interface below to make it easier for you. These elements are moveable, but we’ve used their default positions to make them easier to find.
Unity Project and Console Tab
Found at the bottom of the window, the Unity Project and Console tabs are two of the engine’s most important features.
The Projects tab is a file explorer containing all the files used for your game. You can create your own files and folders, along with including external files in your project. You should always take the time to create a smart file structure for your game.
The Console tab works like the panel found in most IDEs. Acting as a debugging tool, the console provides errors and warnings as the code is running, helping with troubleshooting.
Unified hierarchical tab
The Unity Hierarchy tab performs a similar role to the hierarchy in tools like Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator. It is a list containing all the objects in the current scene, in a format that shows the relationships between the objects.
When you select a scene or object in the hierarchy, the Inspector panel displays the elements that have been applied to it. This makes it easy to edit or compare objects without looking at the code. You can even change variables in your code from the Inspector.
Unity Scene and Game Tab
The two sequels of Unity UI are arguably the most important.
The Scenes tab displays a 3D or 2D space filled with objects in a hierarchy. You can select objects directly from the scene, perform transformations without depending on the inspector.
The Games tab is different. This tab only works when you’re compiling and running your game, acting as a way to play your game in real time without a full compilation.
Add more elements to your Unity UI
Besides these basic user interface elements, you can add a bunch of additional tabs and panels. By clicking the Window menu option, you can choose from a wide range of rendering, animation, and other tools to help with your development project.
Get inspired and support with unity
The community around Unity is the largest of any game engine. Professionals and hobbyists alike use this software to create games, resulting in countless documents on the web.
The Official Unification Document is a great place to start. You can find information about every feature of Unity here, all written with novices in mind.
Along with the official documentation, Unity also runs a forum where users can help each other. No matter how complex or simple your question is, someone will answer it quickly. This is one of the best things about Unity, making it perfect for new developers.
Developing games with Unity
Unity is a great tool for programmers just starting to learn how to make games. With the help of online resources, you can quickly improve your skills and bring your ideas to life. Of course, this article will only get you started and you have to do the rest.
Interpretation of Player Movements in Unity: Rigid Body and Collider
About the author
https://www.makeuseof.com/unity-game-development-getting-started/ Getting Started With Unity for Game Development