How to outsmart fake news in your Facebook feed



CNN

Just because it’s on the internet don’t make it real. It seems as simple as that, but if people knew it, Facebook and Google wouldn’t have to pull bogus news sites out of their advertising algorithms and people wouldn’t breathe a sigh of relief. stories that confirm Donald Trump is a secret lizardman or Hillary Clinton is a robot. in a suit.

It doesn’t have to be this way. Fake news is It’s really easy to spot – if you know how. Think of this as your New Media Understanding Guide.

NOTE: When we put this issue together, we sought input from two media experts: Dr. Melissa Zimdarsan associate professor at Merrimack College in Massachusetts whose movements? list of unreliable news sites went viral, and Alexios Mantzarlisleader International Credential Checker Network at the Poynter Institute.

First, know the different types of false and misleading news

1. Fake News

  • These are the easiest to debug and often come from known fake websites designed to look like real news outlets. They may include misleading photos and titles that at first read may sound like the real thing.
  • 2. Misleading news

  • These are the hardest to debug, because they often contain the kernel of truth: A fact, event, or quote taken out of context. Look for sensational headlines that are not supported by the information in the article.
  • 3. Highly partisan news

  • A type of misleading news, this can be the interpretation of a true news event in which the facts are manipulated to fit an agenda.
  • 4. Clickbait

  • The shocking or teasing headlines of these stories trick you into clicking for more information – which may or may not live up to what was promised.
  • 5. Satire

  • This is a difficult story, because the satire doesn’t pretend to be real and is only for commentary or entertainment purposes. But if people aren’t familiar with a satire website, they can share that news as if it were legitimate.
  • Second, hone your fact-checking skills

  • Alexios Mantzarlis trains fact-checkers for a living. He says it’s important to have a “healthy amount of skepticism” and think, really think, before sharing a piece of news.
  • “If we were a little slower in sharing and retweeting content based solely on headlines, we’d be well on our way to combating flattery,” he told CNN.
  • Melissa Zimdars points out that even people who spend a lot of time online are not immune to fake content.
  • “People think this [thinking] only applies to older people,” she told CNN. “I think even early education should teach about media, media and the internet. Maturity with the Internet does not necessarily mean that you are Internet savvy.”
  • For starters, here are 10 questions you should ask if something looks fake:

    Zimdars said sites with strange suffixes like “.co” or “.su” or hosted by third-party platforms like WordPress should raise a red flag. Some fake sites, like National Report, have legitimate, if not generic, names that can easily trick people on social sites. For example, a number of fake reports from abcnews.com.co went viral before they were discovered, including one in June that claimed President Obama had signed an executive order banning the sale of assault weapons.

    Mantzarlis says one of the biggest reasons bogus news goes viral on Facebook is because people are drawn to a headline and don’t bother to click through.

    Just this week, several obscure organizations circulated a story about Pepsi CEO Indra Nooyi. “Pepsi STOCK Plummets after the CEO told Trump supporters to ‘Take their business elsewhere’,” blew one such headline.

    However, the articles themselves do not have that quote or evidence that Pepsi’s stock has dropped significantly (it’s not). Nooyi made recorded comments about Trump’s election, but was never quoted as saying that his supporters “put their business elsewhere”.

    Sometimes Legitimate news stories can be twisted and brought back to life years after the fact to create the wrong combination of events. Mantzarlis recalls a false story that actually cited a legitimate news clip from CNNMoney.

    A blog called Viral Liberty recently reported that Ford has moved production of some of its trucks from Mexico to Ohio because of Donald Trump’s election victory. The story quickly made headlines online – after all, this seems like a huge win for the domestic auto industry.

    As it turns out, Ford moved some of its production from Mexico to Ohio – in 2015. It had nothing to do with the election results.

    Photos and videos are also possible take out of context to support a false statement. In April, the liberal website Occupy Democrats posted a purported video showing a young woman being kicked out of a bathroom by police for not looking feminine enough. This was the height of the HB2 “bath bill” controversy, and the article clearly linked the two. “IT STARTS”, read the title.

    However, there is no date on the video or evidence that it was filmed in North Carolina, where the “bathroom bill” would have passed.

    In fact, according to Snopes, the same video was published on a Facebook page in 2015, meaning it predates the HB2 controversy.

    It’s not just political news that can be bogus. Now8News is one of those notorious fake-but-real-looking websites that specializes in the kind of quirky news stories that often go viral.

    One such article claimed Coca-Cola had recalled the Dasani water bottle after it found “obvious parasites” in the water. There’s even an accompanying overall photo that is said to show the parasite, although some basic Google readings suggest it’s most likely a photo of a young eel.

    Regardless, the article was no claims or claims from any company. Obviously this is going to be a big story. Dasani or any consumer advocacy group will publish statements or news releases about it, right? Nothing was found – because the story is 100% fake.

    Other 98%

    A favorite meme of Liberal Facebook groups features a fake quote from Donald Trump allegedly from a People Magazine interview in 1998:

    “If I run, I will run as a Republican. They are the dumbest group of voters in the country. They believe anything on Fox News. I could lie and they still eat clean. I bet my numbers will be great.

    This can be easily dismissed if you take some time to think about it: People.com has a rich archive and this The quote is nowhere to be found in them.

    During this election season, Pope Francis has been caught up in three super viral stories that are completely untrue. According to various (fake) websites, the Pope endorsed three candidates for President of the United States: First, Bernie Sanders, as “reported” by National Report and USAToday.com.co. Then there’s Donald Trump, as “reported” by fake news site WTOE 5 News. Finally, another fake news website KYPO6.com reported that he endorsed Hillary Clinton!

    In all of these cases, all subsequent reports reverted to fake reports. It’s always good to Follow a story back to the original sourceand if you find yourself in a loop – or if they all lead back to the same suspicious site – you have reason to be suspicious.

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    Image JEWEL SAMAD / AFP / Chip Somodevilla / Getty

    Both Zimdars and Mantzarlis said confirmation bias is a big reason Fake news like it doesn’t. Some of that is built into Facebook’s algorithm – the more you like or interact with a certain interest, the more Facebook will show you related to that interest.

    Similarly, if you hate Donald Trump, you are more likely to think negative stories about Donald Trump are true, even without proof.

    “We look for information that aligns with our established beliefs,” says Zimdars. “If we’re exposed to information we don’t agree with, it can still reassert us because we’ll try to find the error.”

    So, if you find an outrageous article that feels “too good to be true,” proceed with caution: It just might be.

    Did you know there really is an International Fact-Checking Network (which Mantzarlis leads)? And that it has a principle code? The Code includes the ideals of non-partisan status and transparency, among others. Sites like FactCheck.org, Snopes, and Politifact follow this code, so if you see an error there, you know. you’re getting the real deal. See the full list here.

    Where is this things can get complicated. There is clearly a big difference between “misleading” news, which is often based on fact, and “fake” news, which is just fiction disguised as fact. Zimdars’ now-famous list includes both, as well as satire and sites that make use of clickbait-style headlines. Snopes also maintains a list.

    While Zimdars is glad her listing has garnered so much attention, she also cautions that it’s incorrect to completely remove some sites as “fake.” “I wanted to make sure that this list didn’t have much of an impact on the end goal,” she says. “It’s interesting that some titles [about my list] same as hyperbol what i am analyzing. ”

    https://www.cnn.com/2016/11/18/tech/how-to-spot-fake-misleading-news-trnd/index.html How to outsmart fake news in your Facebook feed

    Russell Falcon

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