Michael Gorbachev, who died Tuesday at the age of 91, was a paradoxical Soviet leader when the world needed one. He had nearly full power when he took office, but implemented reforms that undermined that power. He rose through the ranks of the communists but oversaw the end of the regime. His greatest achievement was being able to end the Cold War without a war or worse conflagration that the world feared for decades.
Gorbachev is famous as the architect of “perestroika” or restructuring and “glasnost” or openness. They were radical concepts in the 1980s after decades of Stalinist and totalitarian communist rule. But the eighth and last Soviet-era leader did not adopt these concepts out of liberal-democratic convictions.
https://www.wsj.com/articles/mikhail-gorbachev-dies-at-91-russia-ronald-reagan-vladimir-putin-11661903130 Mikhail Gorbachev, 1931-2022 – WSJ