A World Health Organization (WHO) adviser told the Associated Press on Monday (May 23), the current outbreaks of monkeypox virus in Europe and North America may have originated and spread through sex at two communal houses in Spain and Belgium.
To date, more than 100 cases of smallpox-related virus infections have been reported, with the majority of cases reported in Spain, Portugal and the UK, according to the WHO.
David Heymann, an infectious disease epidemiologist and WHO advisor, said: “We know monkeypox can be spread by close contact with an infected person’s wound and it seems important. The sexual system amplified that transmission.” told the Associated Press.
In Central and West Africa, where monkeypox is endemic, the virus often spreads from wildlife — including rodents and primates — to humans, the AP reported.
Related: Smallpox outbreak in monkeys: Here’s everything you need to know
According to the CDC, most cases of monkeypox reported in Europe have been in men who have sex with men. “Nature of lesions present in some cases, suggesting that transmission occurs during sexual intercourse”, European Center for Disease Prevention and Control said in a statement.
Health officials say that even close contact with an infected person or their clothing or bedding can transmit the virus. Person-to-person transmission occurs through close contact with infectious material from skin lesions of an infected person, through respiratory droplets during prolonged face-to-face contact, and via sponges. [contaminated objects]”according to the ECDC.
So far, most cases have been mild, the ECDC said.
ECDC Director Andrea Ammon said: “Most cases now have mild symptoms, and for the broader population, the likelihood of transmission is very low. said in another statement on May 23. “However, the potential for further transmission of the virus through close contact, for example during sexual activities between people with multiple partners, is considered high.”
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), symptoms of monkeypox include fever, chills, fatigue, muscle aches and headaches, along with swollen lymph nodes. Around day 1 to day 3, infected people tend to develop a rash that spreads from the face all over the body and turns from light brown spots (called maculopapular) to papules (papules) to pus-filled pus-filled structures called vesicles and pustules. The disease tends to clear up on its own after two to four weeks. The ECDC recommends that infected people self-isolate until the scabs fall off.
Although monkeypox is usually mild, it can cause severe illness in young children, pregnant women and people who are immunosuppressed, the CDC says.
As of May 21, there are 92 confirmed cases of monkeypox and 28 suspected cases outside of Africa in 10 European countries, as well as in the US and Canada, WHO reported.
Originally published on Live Science.
https://www.livescience.com/monkeypox-spread-through-sex Monkeypox outbreaks tied to sex at 2 raves in Europe