Archaeologists in Istanbul have unveiled a 2,300-year-old brick tomb containing the cremated remains of an individual that was likely placed in the mausoleum and then burned, archaeologists in Istanbul have announced. Father. Archaeologists say a tomb like this is a rarity.
At the time this person was buried, the area was known as Chalcedon, when it was a flourishing city during the Hellenistic period. The tomb containing the cremated remains of at least one person was found at the Haydarpaşa train station in Istanbul. Archaeologists also found a terracotta cup and a perfume bottle inside it, Rahmi Asal, director of the Istanbul Archaeological Museum, told the Turkish government. Anadolu Agency.
“This is very valuable,” Asal told the news agency. “It’s one of the oldest finds in this area,” Asal told the news agency, adding that “perhaps this will give us some help.” more valuable insights” into the region’s past. Excavation was carried out prior to the renovation and expansion of the railway system in the area and has unearthed relics from throughout Istanbul’s history.
Related: When did Constantinople become Istanbul?
Although the individual’s body was burned inside the mausoleum, several skeletons survived, a preliminary analysis shows. “I have never seen this type of cremation grave from the Hellenistic period,” Asal said.
At the time the mausoleum was built, Chalcedon was a prosperous city. “Chalcedon is a powerful man in international politics,” Noah Kaye, an assistant professor of history at Michigan State University who was not involved in the new excavation, told Live Science in an email.
Kaye notes that from 235 BC to 220 BC, Chalcedon, along with Byzantion (a nearby city), levied heavy fees on ships passing through the Bosphorus, which separates Asia with Europe, into the Black Sea. The cities collected tolls with the help of the Egyptian navy, which was then under the control of the Ptolemaic dynasty.
Despite Chalcedon’s success at the time, some ancient authors referred to Chalcedon as “the land of the blind” because there were other areas thought to be nearby that were more suitable for a city. In the fourth century AD, Roman Emperor Constantine founded Constantinople, a city that would eventually engulf both Byzantion and Chalcedon and become the center of Byzantine Empire.
Felix Pirson, director of the Istanbul branch of the German Archaeological Institute, told Live Science in an email that could help shed light on Chalcedon’s tomb. “It seems like a very important discovery, noting that we know very little about the area before Constantinople was founded,” says Pirson.
Pirson, who was not involved in the discovery of the tomb, said: “More information on burial customs and honor culture in general, sheds light on important topics such as social differences or identity. , is extremely important”.
Live Science was unable to reach Asal at the time of publication.
Originally published on Live Science.
https://www.livescience.com/ancient-cremated-remains-found-turkey Rare 2,300-year-old tomb in Istanbul holds partially cremated body