The Supreme Court Stuck Down Roe v. Wade. Here’s What Happens Now

Once seen as a conservative pipe dream, Friday’s Supreme Court ruling ended constitutionally guaranteed access to abortion. Decision 6 to 3 defeated Roe v. Wadehas defended access to abortion nationwide for nearly 50 years.

Here’s what happens now.

Laws will be made by states — And abortion is now illegal in many countries

While access to safe abortion enjoys broad voter support, the conservative dominance of many state governments and the complex politics of the Senate mean that many Americans will not have access to abortion. safe pregnancy.

Thirteen Republican-led state governments have been trying to pass “trigger” bans, restrictive abortion laws in anticipation of a ruling that ends Roe. In the three states of South Dakota, Louisiana and Kentucky, those laws take effect immediately. Literally, overnight, millions of residents lost their right to have an abortion — and in a few weeks, that number will be in the tens of millions more. Thirty days from now, similar bans will go into effect in Tennessee, Idaho and Texas. (Other triggering laws require only confirmation from a designated official before taking effect.)

The blue states, on the other hand, have taken action to codify strict abortion into law in lieu of federal protections.

This will hurt a lot of people — Most poor women in conservative countries

Research clearly shows that banning abortion harms women: Unplanned pregnancies are associated with poor physical and mental health and lower life satisfaction levels.

About half of women of childbearing age live in states that are supposed to abolish abortion rights. In general, women living in those states are more likely to experience poverty than states where protections are not threatened. Poor women will also find it more difficult to access legal care; With clusters of states passing restrictions, legal abortion could be just a flight away. For example, a pregnant person in Louisiana would have to travel more than 600 miles to see a provider.

It seems women who want abortions can afford to travel for care, and company executives have begun notification that their companies will sponsor trips for employees working in states with bans to states where abortion is still legal. This is clearly not an ideal solution: The percentage of the US workforce employed by those companies is small, and company-sanctioned abortion trips raise a lot of questions around privacy. As David Plouffe, a former adviser to the Obama Administration, shown“What the hell is it that women will now have to report costs to their colleagues for abortions?”

There have been new legal battles launched

The most common abortion method today is oral medication, which is safe and FDA-approved for self-use after 10 weeks. Medical abortion will almost certainly be illegal in states that ban abortion, but it remains unclear whether access to the drug through out-of-state telemedicine facilities will be prohibited. Attorney General Merrick Garland was quick to counter that FDA-approved drugs cannot be banned by individual states.

In liberal rulings by conservative states, progressive prosecutors have indicated they will not prosecute residents for abortion charges, potentially sparking legal battles between states.

It is also possible that conservative states appear to be trying to ban travel for abortions in places where they are legal, a substantial question of constitutional law that will be resolved by the same court that struck down Roe.

Other fundamental rights are at risk

In an opinion piece concurring with the Roe reversal decisions, Justice Clarence Thomas argued that the court “should reconsider” the other decisions with the same logic as Roe v. Wadespecifically name three existing court rulings aimed at ensuring couples access to contraception, same-sex marriage, and ensuring the legality of same-sex sexual activities.

The majority opinion, written by Judge Samuel Alito, seems to indicate that rulings with similar arguments to Roe’s are not threatened by the recent court decision. Of course, Alito had previously argued that earlier decisions on abortion rights had nothing to do with Roe. The Supreme Court Stuck Down Roe v. Wade. Here’s What Happens Now

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