After midnight on May 11, people who make the treacherous journey to the US-Mexico border, desperate for a better life, could have to wait weeks or months for an appointment to have their applications heard, and possibly Years to obtain legal status in the US Come so far. If they attempt such an attempt outside of legal barriers, they could end up losing what might be their only chance of entering the country.
With the end of COVID-19 In an emergency, the expiration comes from Title 42a public health order that then-President Donald Trump allegedly enacted to prevent people from crossing the U.S.-Mexico border during the pandemic, but which the government used as a wide-ranging tool under its anti-Mexican administration.immigration Agenda.
The Biden administration has repeatedly stressed that the country’s southern border is closed and would-be migrants must apply for entry through an asylum process or other legal means before arriving. However, asylum applications can only be made at a port of entry; People who arrive at the border face the authorities to begin the lengthy asylum process.
Without Title 42, the authorities revert to enforcement under Title 8, which outlines the asylum process, quickly expelling individuals under an “expedited removal procedure” and barring them from re-entry for a further five years.
“Our borders are not open. “People who cross our border illegally and without legal basis… will be deported immediately,” the US Secretary of Homeland Security said Alejandro Mayorkas said at a May 11 White House briefing.
Administration officials have also repeatedly warned that smugglers and traffickers have tried to take advantage of vulnerable migrants and exploit them for profit by lying about the immigration process at the border.
“Smugglers are at work spreading false information that the border is opening. They lie,” Mr Mayorkas said on Thursday. “Don’t risk your life and savings just to be trucked away by the United States when you get here.”:
With the end of Title 42, a new series of immigration policies will also begin under the President Joe BidenThe U.S. government understands that individuals crossing Mexico to reach the southern border are not eligible for asylum unless they first sought refuge in a country through which they traveled — or unless , they made an appointment for review through a US government-run app.
The CBP One app is plagued by complaints of crashes, malfunctions, instability, and access. Up to 1,000 appointments are available for booking every day, and they are booked up quickly.
The US State Department also plans to open “regional processing centers” in the Western Hemisphere to help migrants apply for asylum before traveling to the US.
Title 8 processing begins with a credible fear test to determine whether people returning to their home countries may face further persecution or threats. After screening, they are released while awaiting a court hearing on their asylum process.
More than 1.15 million people were apprehended under Title 8 at the southern border in 2022, according to US Customs and Border Protection. Another million people were expelled under Title 42 during the same period.
According to Mr Mayorkas, more than 665,000 people were deported in the first half of the fiscal year.
In recent years, against a backdrop of economic and political collapse, food and medicine shortages, the threat of cartels and other perils, millions of people have fled Central and South American countries before embarking on a long and perilous journey through Central America and Mexico . According to US Customs and Border Protection, regimes in Venezuela, Cuba and Nicaragua have also sparked a new wave of migration and led to a spike in encounters at the southern border over the past two years.
Meanwhile, Republican governors in Arizona, Florida and Texas busted thousands of migrants out of their states and spent tens of thousands of taxpayer dollars to do so in protest of what they incorrectly dubbed President Biden’s “open borders” agenda.
For years, Democratic lawmakers have been asking Congress to overhaul immigration policy and deal with the “broken” system that governs how people can legally enter the country, while pro-immigration advocates warn against relying on a punitive and incarcerating system , which does not address the problems of global displacement are not unique to the southern border.
Human rights watchdogs and immigration advocacy groups have warned that new restrictions under the Biden administration, compounded by global failures to address humanitarian crises that drive migration patterns, will only exacerbate an ongoing problem.
Human Rights First has reported more than 13,000 kidnappings, rapes and other attacks under the Biden administration in a year series of reports Documenting the effects of Title 42.
“While the end of its use might be cause for celebration, the Biden administration’s decision to replace Title 42 with new onerous asylum restrictions is an irresponsible detour into nativist politics that only exacerbates the cruel and dangerous situation at the country’s southern border.” “United States,” Michael Breen, president of Human Rights First, said in a statement.