Camels exist in the driest, hottest, most barren places on Earth. And somehow they managed to get enough food; But what do they eat in seemingly lifeless places?
All three species of camel – Camelus dromedarius, Camelus bactrianus and Camelus ferus – has evolved some adaptations to be able to live in the desert, according to Natural History Museum, London (NHM). In addition to the hump or two they exhibit – which are made of fat and do not function as water tanks – they also have specialized lips for desert food.
They have forked upper lip, with each halves moving separately to allow the animal to graze near the ground to eat short grasses – a must in the desert where everything is slow growing, according to the report. San Diego Zoo.
Their lips are also leathery and tough but still flexible, which means camels can break open and eat both thorny and salty plants (such as salty plants), the zoo said. Meaty protrusions called papillae also line the mouth to protect the mouth from poking food and to help the camel manipulate and swallow that food, according to NHM.
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As reported by the Oakland Zoo, dromedary camels – the humpy species – mainly eat “thorny plants, hay and morning glory”. According to San Diego Zoo Wildlife Alliance. In addition, they feed on stems and leaves from various desert shrubs in different genera Salsola, ephedra tree and Zygophyllumaccording to the zoo union.
Bactrian camel (C. bactrianus and C. ferus) in Mongolia eat on Caragana, Haloxylon, Urine is again and again and Salsola zoo union said.
So what happens once they devour a herbivore’s meal? Camels have three to four stomachs; The zoo union said the food was partially decomposed in the first two stomachs before being regurgitated and regenerated. Once it is swallowed and enters another stomach (or two), that tumor will not be able to withstand the force of certain bacteria that help with digestion.
And when there is no food, don’t worry, because camels can survive more than a week without water and months without food, according to PBS.
https://www.livescience.com/32365-what-do-camels-eat-in-the-desert.html What do camels eat in the desert?