With Instagram influencer Ms Hinch’s son recently diagnosed with Kawasaki disease, you may be wondering what this rare condition is.
The disease primarily affects children under the age of five and is more common in boys and girls, but it is not known exactly what causes it.
In 2020, several children in the UK contracted it during the pandemic, including an eight-month-old baby who died.
But medics Great Ormond Street Hospital In London it is said that connections to the corona virus have not yet been proven.
It comes as cleanfluencer Ms Hinch, whose real name is Sophie Hinchliffe, revealed her three-year-old son Ronnie spent ten days in hospital with Kawasaki disease, with doctors puzzled over what’s causing the little one’s symptoms for the first few days could be stay.
The mother-of-two said the main symptoms to look out for were “persistent high fever, a rash all over the body, swelling and subsequent flaking of the hands and feet, red blisters on the lips, bloodshot eyes, strawberry tongue, sore throat and Swelling “is lymph glands,” adding that the rush to the hospital “shook up” the family’s world.
What is Kawasaki disease?
The disease is also known as mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome.
According to the NHS, children under the age of five are particularly affected by the disease.
The blood vessels swell, which can lead to complications in the coronary arteries — the blood vessels that supply blood to the heart.
Kawasaki disease can cause aneurysms, which can lead to a heart attack and heart disease.
In less likely cases, internal bleeding can occur if the aneurysm ruptures.
According to the NHS, an estimated eight in 100,000 children develop Kawasaki disease each year.
Cardiac complications occur in about 25 percent of cases.
Without treatment, it can lead to death in about two to three percent of cases.
The cause of Kawasaki disease is currently unknown, but the NHS says a child may be affected if they inherit certain genes from their parents.
The disease is not contagious and cannot be transmitted from person to person.
What are the Symptoms of Kawasaki Disease?
There are some signs that suggest a person might have Kawasaki disease.
- swollen glands in the neck
- skin rashes
- Lips that appear dry and chapped
- Red eyes
- red fingers and toes
- a high temperature lasting more than 5 days
Although it mainly affects children, Kawasaki disease can also affect adults.
If these symptoms are detected in children, it is strongly recommended to consult a doctor.
How is Kawasaki disease treated?
A child with Kawasaki should be treated in hospital, NHS guidance says.
It is best if treatment begins as soon as possible because the sooner treatment begins, the quicker the recovery time and the lower the risk of complications.
Children can make a full recovery within six to eight weeks if diagnosed early and treated promptly
If you think your child may have the condition you should urgently see a GP or contact NHS 111.
How is it related to the coronavirus?
NHS doctors received a warning in April 2020 of a surge in children ending up in intensive care with a life-threatening inflammatory syndrome similar to toxic shock syndrome and Kawasaki disease.
As of May this year, up to 100 children in the UK had contracted the “coronavirus-related illness”, with one expert warning that this is just the tip of the iceberg.
The young people – mostly between the ages of five and 16 – became seriously ill weeks after a possible infection with Covid-19.
About the phenomenon said Dr. Liz Whittaker, Clinical Lecturer in Pediatric Infectious Diseases and Immunology at Imperial College London: “We have named it Pediatric Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome, which is transiently associated with SARS-CoV-2.”
A rash is one of the symptoms of Kawasaki disease.
“We are doing this very cautiously as we cannot say with certainty that every single child has Covid at the time they are sick,” added Dr. Whittaker added.
“But this new phenomenon is happening in the middle of a pandemic, so it seems pretty reasonable to assume the two things are related.”
Doctors have warned cases experience symptoms including abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea and heart inflammation.
Professor Chris Whitty, England’s chief medical officer, said it was “entirely plausible” that this new and mysterious condition was linked to Covid-19.