With the Sun Protection Act pending review from the Home, it’s likely that daylight saving time could be the new standard time.
WASHINGTON – Daylight Saving Time is coming to an end on the first Sunday of November, but could this be the last?
The clock will “step back” an hour at 2 a.m. on November 6, giving most people an extra hour of sleep. With the change coming earlier than dawn rises and night falls before 7pm. It won’t be until March when we fiddle with our clocks for “spring ahead” again.
A federal bill, which has been completely passed by the US Senate, could change things before the clocks switch again in 2023. The Sun Protection Act, introduced by the Senate Florida Republican congressman, Marco Rubio, is proposing permanent daylight saving time for all states.
The bill has made no progress since March as it is currently awaiting consideration by the House and, if passed, would have a signature from President Biden.
Why is daylight saving time created?
This practice has been carried out in some form since World War I when Germany originally introduced it to conserve energy and energy by prolonging daylight hours.
The Standard Time Act of 1918 was the first introduction of daylight saving time for American watches. The interim measure, once nicknamed ‘wartime’, lasted from spring to autumn and was intended to cut energy costs during World War I. The act was also responsible for the five time zones that still apply today.
The Department of Transportation was established and empowered to regulate time zones and daylight saving time in 1966. To correct confusing and alternating time zones, the Uniform Time Act Act 1966 sought a national standard for daylight saving time – from last Sunday in April to the last Sunday in October.
A few changes have occurred since then. Most recently, daylight saving time was extended by a few weeks in 2005 when former President George Bush changed the law. It is currently observed from the second Sunday in March until the first Sunday in November.
Despite national compliance, Arizona and Hawaii do not follow daylight saving time. Under federal law, states are allowed to choose not to use daylight saving time and maintain standard time, but are not allowed to maintain daylight saving time.
In the past, the US has implemented daylight saving twice year-round, once during World War II to save fuel and once in 1974 as a “test run” during an energy crisis.
While there are some who believe that daylight saving reduces electricity consumption, traffic and crime, two studies, one conducted in 1975 and the other in 2005, when DST was expanded, showed found that most of the changes in energy consumption, traffic and crime were statistically “trivial.” Research in 2005 showed that extended daylight saving time each day reduces total national electricity consumption by 0.5%.
Where does the Sun Protection Act stand?
Despite more than 50 years of compliance, some states have more than 29 states pushing for practice change.
With the Sun Protection Act pending review from the Home, there’s a chance that daylight saving time could be the new standard time nationally. If it becomes law, the clock will move to March and will remain unchanged on November 5, 2023.
Congress is the only organization that can change compliance time to daylight saving time. Since 2015, at least 45 states have proposed bills to change their DST compliance, according to the Congressional Research Service.
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