NO ONE wants to start the day with a headache.
Sometimes you might know it’s coming, especially if you had a beer too many the night before.
On days like this you turn to painkillers and hope and pray for a speedy recovery.
But headaches can be triggered by a whole host of reasons, some of which cannot be remedied with the tried-and-true acetaminophen.
They can occur when we are dehydrated, which can sometimes be the result of consuming too much alcohol or even being in the sun for too long.
Morning headaches are common and can occur for a variety of reasons, many of which are not serious.
The NHS says some of the most common culprits are a cold or flu – or even stress.
Often it’s nothing to worry about and is just a result of dehydration or following a night of indulgence.
But persistent pain most mornings can be a potential indicator of an underlying problem.
It’s best to know what it might mean and see if you need to speak to an expert about it.
What are headache symptoms?
Headache symptoms tend to be the same for all different types of the condition.
However, they can vary slightly depending on what type you have and how severe the pain is.
Migraine headaches are often described as a throbbing, throbbing pain and sufferers often feel drained — some have to take prescribed medication.
Cluster headaches feel more like an intense burning sensation, sometimes around the eyes, and can make people feel like they can’t open their eyes.
And a sinus headache, which is often caused by an infection or disease, is generally concentrated around the nose, eyes, or forehead.
What types of headaches are there?
Harvard Health experts say there are about 300 different types of headaches.
Morning headaches usually start between 4am and 9am and often tend to interrupt the sufferer’s sleep – with the pain waking you up.
The pain can fall into a number of categories, making it either a cluster headache, a tension headache, or even a migraine.
Other types of morning headaches can include paroxysmal headaches and medication-overuse headaches.
Studies have found that most people who suffer from morning headaches also suffer from insomnia.
Why do headaches occur?
Headaches occur for a variety of reasons and here we take a look at the different causes, such as sleep disorders and shift work.
Research has found that morning headaches can also be caused by disruptions in the circadian rhythm, when the body’s natural “internal clock” is off, for example due to shift work.
Due to the misalignment between your natural internal clock and actual sleep states, you can get insufficient sleep, which can lead to headaches when you wake up.
This, as well as allergens in the bedroom or sleeping in an exceptionally cold room, can make sleep quality worse.
One includes sleep disorders because the same part of the brain that controls sleep and mood also controls the pain you wake up with.
Insomnia is one of the main reasons for a morning migraine.
The condition can prevent you from getting enough rest by keeping you awake when you’re trying to fall asleep, waking you up as soon as you fall asleep, and causing restless sleep.
Other sleep problems like narcolepsy, sleepwalking, sleeping with the wrong pillow, and sudden changes in sleep patterns — like oversleeping or lack of sleep — can contribute to your headaches.
Many sufferers also report sleep disorders such as sleep bruxism (where people unknowingly grind or clench their teeth while sleeping) and restless legs syndrome (where people experience an extremely uncomfortable tingling sensation in their lower limbs while sleeping, which is associated with it accompanied by an intense urge to move them to find relief).
Morning headaches are also an important warning sign of sleep apnea, which many people don’t realize they have.
The condition causes the airways to narrow during the night and breathing to stop temporarily.
This causes headaches and fatigue the next day, as well as nightly snoring.
When to the doctor
Everyone has headaches from time to time. But according to the Mayo Clinic, you should see a doctor if your headache:
- Occur more often than usual
- Are heavier than usual
- Worsening or no improvement with appropriate use of over-the-counter medications
- Keep you from working, sleeping or participating in normal activities
- cause distress and you want to find treatments that will help you control it better
You should seek emergency care if you ever experience alongside a headache:
- Confusion or trouble understanding speech
- High fever, higher than 102 F to 104 F (39 C to 40 C)
- Numbness, weakness, or paralysis on one side of the body
- stiff neck
- trouble seeing
- problems speaking
- problems walking
- Nausea or vomiting (unless clearly related to the flu or a hangover)
Mental and physical health problems
Both depression and anxiety are also major causes of chronic morning headaches as they are intertwined with insomnia.
In addition, medications such as aspirin and withdrawal symptoms from painkillers, ergot, and caffeine often lead to chronic headaches and migraines.
Not surprisingly, headaches are also a result of alcohol. A day of drinking water, a pain reliever and a little more sleep is usually enough.
Sometimes a headache can be a sign of a more serious health condition, but this is rare.
If you suffer from regular headaches and are unsure of the cause, it is always worth seeing a doctor, especially if it is accompanied by other symptoms.
One of the main characteristics of a brain tumor is a headache, along with problems with vision or speech and changes in mental function such as memory difficulties,
High blood pressure and strokes can also cause headaches.
How do I get rid of a headache?
- Cold pack: A cold pack on the forehead can work wonders for migraines. Ice cubes wrapped in a towel, a bag of frozen peas, or even a cold shower can ease the pain. Leave the compress on your head for 15 minutes, then take a 15-minute break.
- Heating pad: For tension headaches, place a heating pad on your neck or the back of your head. If you have a headache in your sinuses, hold a warm cloth over the painful area. A warm shower can also help.
- Relieve your head: If your ponytail is too tight, it could cause a headache. These “external compression headaches” can also be caused by wearing a hat that is too tight, a headband, or even swimming goggles that are too tight. Some people say that this method works almost immediately.
- Dim the light: Bright or flickering lights can trigger migraines. If you tend to, cover your windows with blackout curtains during the day and try to wear sunglasses outdoors. You may also want to add anti-glare screens to your computer.
- Avoid Chewing Too Much: Not only does chewing gum damage your jaw, but it can also cause headaches. And it’s not just chewing gum, the same goes for chewing fingernails, lips, insides or cheeks, or handy objects like pens. Avoid crunchy and sticky foods when suffering and be sure to eat small bites. If you grind your teeth at night, ask your dentist about mouthguards, as they can curb morning headaches.
- Get some caffeine: No, that’s not a mistake. Small amounts of caffeine can often relieve headaches and even increase the effects of over-the-counter pain relievers. However, too much caffeine can disrupt sleep and cause various types of headaches. Moderation is the key.
- Practicing Yoga: Whether it’s stretching, yoga, meditation, or progressive muscle relaxation, learning how to relax when you’re in the middle of a headache can help with the pain.
- Limit alcohol: Alcohol can trigger migraines in about a third of those who suffer from frequent headaches. It has also been shown to cause tension and cluster headaches in many people.
https://www.the-sun.com/health/3336004/headache-types-morning-cause-get-rid/ Why do I wake up with a headache? – The US Sun